The “Green Revolution” in India fulfilled the food requirements of the nation; however various environmental, social, economic, and political impacts surfaced during its course. A second green revolution is in the annals through agriculture biotechnology which has been introduced with new promises and assurances to mitigate the impacts of the earlier green revolution. The biotechnological revolution with the potential of offering solutions to a myriad of problems ranging from huge increases in food production to pollution abatement also has ambivalence associated with it. The benefits that this technology promises have created a remarkable euphoria in some circles and also matched skepticism in some circles. These green revolutions are propagated through enormous scientific knowledge which discards farmers’ knowledge earned over generations. The paper seeks to critically understand the process of these two green revolutions and highlight the creation of a dichotomy of knowledge which places the scientists over the farmers.
|Keywords:||Green Revolution, Biotechnology, Science, Knowledge, Politics|
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Ramanujan College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India